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Utah Car Accident Lawyer

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A guide to Utah Car Accidents

Being involved in a car accident can be a disorienting and traumatic experience. Learning to understand your rights from a top Utah car accident lawyer is crucial to ensure you are properly compensated for any injuries or damages you incur. In Utah, these rights are determined by a combination of state laws and local regulations, which provide the framework for what you are entitled to and the legal actions you can pursue. Hopefully, this article will provide insight into your rights after being injured in a car accident.

Tyler Eaton - Utah Car Accident Lawyer

Tyler N. Eaton, Esq.

What do I do at the scene of the car accident?

Car Accident Lawyer

1. Prioritize Safety

Secure the area: If the vehicles involved can be driven, move them to the side of the road to avoid obstructing traffic. If not, turn on hazard lights to warn other drivers.

Check for injuries: Determine if you or any passengers require immediate medical attention. If anyone is hurt, avoid moving them unless there is a hazard requiring evacuation.

2. Call Emergency Services

Dial 911: Even if the accident seems minor, reporting it to the police is necessary for legal and insurance purposes. They will document the accident and file a report, which can be crucial for your claim.

Request medical assistance: If there are any injuries, even seemingly minor ones, request an ambulance.

3. Gather Information

Exchange details: Collect names, addresses, phone numbers, and insurance information from all drivers involved. Avoid discussing fault or making statements that could be construed as an admission of liability.

Document the scene: Take photographs of the vehicles, damage, road conditions, traffic signs, and any injuries. These will serve as evidence if there is a dispute over what happened.

4. Identify Witnesses

Collect witness statements: If there are bystanders who saw the accident, ask for their contact information. Their accounts can support your version of events.

Make a note: Write down everything you remember about the accident as soon as possible, including the time, weather conditions, and any actions taken by the involved parties.

What do I do after leaving the accident scene?

Utah Car Accident Doctor

1. Seek Medical Attention

Visit a doctor: Even if you feel fine, some injuries, like whiplash or concussions, can take time to manifest. A medical professional will provide a thorough examination and create a record of any injuries.

Preserve medical records: Keep all documentation of medical visits, treatments, diagnoses, and prognoses. These records will be essential for substantiating your claim.

2. Notify Your Insurance Company

Report the accident: Contact your insurer as soon as possible to inform them about the incident. Timeliness is key, as delays can affect the validity of your claim.

Review your policy: Understand your coverage and any deductibles. Ask your insurer about the process and what they will require from you.

3. Keep a Record of Expenses

Document all costs: Keep receipts for any accident-related expenses, including medical bills, car rentals, and repair costs. These will be relevant for reimbursement from your insurance or from the at-fault driver’s insurance.

How do I Obtain Assistance From A Utah Car Accident Lawyer?

Utah Car Accident Law

1. Consult with a Utah Car Accident Lawyer

Seek legal advice: A consultation with a Utah Car Accident Lawyer can provide clarity on your legal rights and the best course of action, especially if the accident was severe or complex. Eaton Injury Law's primary office is located at 1526 W, Ute blvd Suite 110 in Park City, UT but we actively represent clients throughout the entire state of Utah.  In our free consultation, we will offer expert legal guidance for car accident victims. 

2. Tell Eaton Injury Law Your Story

Think ahead: Consider how the accident may impact your future, including ongoing medical care, the ability to work, and the emotional toll your accident has taken on you. These factors are important in evaluating your case and calculating its value.

3. Reminder

It’s important to remain calm and organized following an accident. By adhering to this checklist, you will be better prepared to navigate the aftermath effectively and protect your interests. Whether your case is resolved through an insurance claim or if legal action becomes necessary, having a detailed record and a clear understanding of the process will serve your best interests. For accidents occurring in Utah, utilizing local resources such as emergency services, legal expertise, and healthcare facilities can facilitate your path to recovery.

How Is Fault Determined in Utah Car Accidents?

Fault in Utah Car Accidents

1. Utah Is A No-Fault State

No Fault: Utah operates under a "no-fault" insurance system for car accidents. This means that your own auto insurance coverage, also referred to as Personal Injury Protection (PIP), will pay for your medical expenses and lost income up to the limits of your PIP policy, regardless of who caused the accident.

2. Recovery past PIP 

Damages over $3,000: If your injuries reach a certain threshold, you can step outside of the no-fault system and pursue a claim against the at-fault driver. This threshold is typically $3,000 in medical bills or suffering from severe injuries such as dismemberment, permanent disability, or permanent impairment. This must be used first before you can pursue the at-fault driver for additional compensation.

3. Comparative Fault

Whose fault was greater? In situations where you exceed the PIP threshold and pursue a claim against the other driver, fault becomes a critical factor. Utah follows the rule of modified comparative negligence. Under this system, if you are found to be partially at fault for the accident, your compensation can be reduced by your percentage of fault. For instance, if you are awarded $100,000 but are found to be 40% at fault, you would receive $60,000. However, if you are found to be 50% or more at fault, you are barred from recovering any damages from the other party. A Utah Car Accident Lawyer is invaluable when it comes to addressing comparative fault.

Speak with a Utah Car Accident Lawyer

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Settlement Negotiations: A Utah Car Accident Lawyer's Perspective


Car Accident Settlement Negotiations

Settlement negotiations are typically the first step in resolving a car accident claim. These negotiations involve discussions between the victim (the plaintiff) and the at-fault party's insurance company (or directly with the at-fault party if they are uninsured) with the aim of reaching a financial agreement that compensates the victim for their losses without going to trial. The Utah car accident lawyers at Eaton Injury Law are experts at negotiation.


Car Accident Settlement Negotiations

The Process

Utah Car Accident Lawyer Writing a Car Accident Demand Letter

The settlement process begins with the victim or their Utah car accident lawyer sending a formal demand letter to the insurance company. This letter outlines the details of the accident, the injuries sustained, and the damages being claimed. It also includes a financial amount the victim is willing to accept to settle the case.

Once the demand letter is received, the insurance company will review the claim and usually make a counteroffer. This initiates a negotiation phase, where both sides make offers and counteroffers. The goal is to reach a satisfactory settlement for both parties.

Your Utah car accident lawyer's role during these negotiations is vital. Eaton Injury Law's Utah car accident lawyer uses their knowledge of Utah law, their understanding of insurance company tactics, and their negotiating skills to advocate for the victim's best interests. They are adept at calculating the true value of a claim, taking into account not only immediate medical expenses and lost wages but also future financial needs and non-economic damages, such as pain and suffering.


When to Consider Settling a Utah Car Accident Claim

Settling a car accident claim is generally considered when:

(a) The liability of the at-fault party is clear, and they are likely to be found at fault in a court of law.

(b) The victim needs financial compensation sooner rather than later, and a settlement offers a quicker resolution.

(c) The victim prefers a guaranteed outcome instead of the uncertainty of a trial.

(d) The emotional and financial costs of litigation are deemed too high.

A Utah Car Accident Lawyer is adept at analyzing these factors and providing advice as to your best options.

Utah Car Accident Client Considering Settling Their Case


Pros and Cons of Settling Your Case

Utah Car Accident Settlement Agreement


  • Quicker resolution, allowing the victim to receive compensation sooner.

  • Less costly, as prolonged legal battles can accrue significant legal fees and court costs.

  • Privacy is maintained, as settlements are generally not part of the public record.

  • Certainty of outcome, avoiding the unpredictability of a jury decision.


  • Potentially lower compensation, as initial settlement offers may be less than what might be awarded by a jury.

  • No public vindication or official finding of fault against the defendant.

  • The details of the settlement are often subject to confidentiality agreements, preventing the plaintiff from discussing the case publicly.

Tyler Eaton - Utah Car Accident Lawyer

The Utah Car Accident Lawyers at Eaton Injury Law guide our clients through either route, be it settlement or the trial process. Your Utah Car Accident Lawyer will weigh the benefits and risks of each approach, providing sound legal advice tailored to each client's unique circumstances. With Eaton Injury Law, car accident victims can be confident that they have a fierce advocate working towards achieving the best possible outcome for their case.

Speak with a Utah Car Accident Lawyer

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Litigation and Going to Court in Utah Car Accident Cases


So a settlement was not reached?

If settlement negotiations fail to yield a satisfactory outcome, or if the at-fault party's insurance company refuses to make a fair offer, the plaintiff may opt to take the matter to court. Your Utah Car Accident Lawyer can provide more detail about what this will look like, but here is some general information to help guide you along your path.

Disagreement in Settlement Negotiations


The Car Accident Litigation Process

Utah Car Accident Lawyer

Litigation in Utah car accident cases begins with the filing of a complaint in the appropriate court. The defendant (the person whom the claim is being brought against) will have the opportunity to respond to the allegations made against them. Discovery follows, where both sides exchange information relevant to the case, including documents, depositions, and interrogatories.

Prior to trial, there may be pre-trial motions and hearings, typically handled by your Utah car accident lawyer. If the case proceeds to trial, both sides will present their evidence and arguments, and a judge or jury will render a verdict.

Throughout this process, Eaton Injury Law plays a pivotal role. The firm prepares the case meticulously, gathering evidence, and crafting legal strategies. Our Utah Car Accident Lawyer is a skilled litigator who knows how to present a compelling argument before a judge or jury.


When to Consider Going to Court 

Going to court is considered when:

(a) The settlement offered is unreasonably low and does not cover the victim’s damages.

(b) The at-fault party denies liability or disputes the extent of the victim's injuries and damages.

(c) The victim's case is strong, with substantial evidence and a high likelihood of a favorable jury verdict.

(d) The victim seeks a public acknowledgment of the at-fault party's wrongdoing.

Utah Car Accident Judge


Pros and Cons of Going to Court

Pros and Cons list


  • Potential for a higher compensation award than what was offered in a settlement.

  • Public record of the defendant's fault, which may serve as a deterrent to others and provide a sense of justice for the victim.

  • Through a court's ruling, an opportunity to create legal precedent that could benefit others in similar situations.


  • Time-consuming, as cases can take years to go to trial.

  • More expensive due to extended legal representation, court fees, and other associated costs.

  • Greater emotional stress for the victim, who must relive the accident and its aftermath during the trial.

  • Risk of receiving less compensation than expected, or none at all, if the court rules in favor of the defendant.

Tyler Eaton - Utah Car Accident Lawyer

Speak with a Utah Car Accident Lawyer

Eaton Injury Law

How much is my car accident claim worth?

Now that we have covered some of the basics of personal injury cases and car accident cases, let’s discuss how to calculate the value of your personal injury case. While this information will be a good start in determining an estimate, it is important to speak to a Utah car accident lawyer for better advice on the specifics of your claim. Eaton Injury Law's, 100% free consultations with an experienced Utah car accident lawyer can help you move forward with a potential claim. Some of the factors that go into this calculation include: 

Hand holding money

1. The Severity of your injuries.

One of the most significant determinants of compensation is the severity of the injuries sustained in the accident. More serious injuries typically result in higher medical bills, longer recovery periods, and greater overall disruption to an individual's life. Therefore, someone with life-altering injuries will likely receive a more substantial compensation package than someone who has suffered minor injuries that require less medical intervention and shorter recovery times.

2. Long-Term Impact

The long-term impact of the accident on a victim's quality of life is also a critical factor. Eaton Injury Law takes into account how the injuries affect the victim's ability to work, engage in daily activities, and enjoy life. If an accident results in permanent disability, disfigurement, or chronic pain, the compensation will reflect the need for long-term care and the emotional and psychological distress that accompanies such conditions.

3. Fault and Liability

In Utah, the concept of comparative negligence can affect the amount of compensation a victim receives. If a victim is found to be partially at fault for the accident, their recovery amount may be reduced in proportion to their degree of fault. Eaton Injury Law meticulously investigates the circumstances of each accident to establish clear liability, thereby seeking to minimize the client's contributory fault and maximize the compensation received.

4. Insurance Coverage

One important factor when evaluating the value of a car accident case is the amount of insurance coverage available to collect from. Typically the most relevant insurance policies are (1) the amount of liability insurance the adverse driver has, and (2) the amount of UM/UIM (uninsured, underinsured motorist) coverage that you have. A Utah car accident attorney at Eaton Injury Law can evaluate all potential policies to collect from so that no money is left on the table. 

5. Economic and Non-Economic Damages

Economic damages, such as medical bills, rehabilitation costs, and lost wages, are easier to quantify. Non-economic damages, such as pain and suffering, emotional distress, and loss of consortium, do not have a fixed monetary value and require skilled legal representation to quantify. The Car Accident attorney at Eaton Injury Law is proficient in arguing for these more subjective damages, ensuring they are given appropriate weight during settlement negotiations or at trial.

6. Punitive Damages

While not common in car accident cases, punitive damages may be pursued if the at-fault party's actions were particularly egregious or reckless. These damages are not tied to the victim's actual losses but are instead meant to punish the wrongdoer and deter similar conduct. Eaton Injury Law assesses the actions of the defendant to determine if pursuing punitive damages is a viable option.

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  • How long will my car accident case take to settle?
    The timeframe for settling a car accident case varies widely. It can depend on the complexity of the case, the extent of the injuries, and the willingness of the insurance company to offer a fair settlement. Some cases may settle in a matter of months, while others may take years if they go to litigation. Your attorney will be able to give you a more specific timeline based on the particulars of your case.
  • What types of damages can I recover in a car accident lawsuit?
    Car accident victims in Utah can recover both economic and non-economic damages. Economic damages include medical bills, lost wages, and property damage. Non-economic damages cover pain and suffering, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment of life. In rare cases, punitive damages may be awarded if the at-fault party's actions were particularly egregious.
  • How is the amount of my car accident claim determined?
    The value of your claim is determined by several factors, including the severity of your injuries, the cost of your medical treatments, any long-term disabilities or disfigurements, the impact on your earning capacity, and the degree to which the accident affects your personal life. An experienced attorney can help calculate these damages accurately and ensure that all potential areas of compensation are explored.
  • Should I talk to the insurance company or give a statement after my accident?
    You should be cautious about communicating with the insurance company before consulting with an attorney. Insurance adjusters may try to get you to admit fault or agree to a settlement that is less than what you deserve. It is often best to let your attorney handle communications with the insurance company to ensure your rights are protected.
  • Do I need an attorney for a car accident case?
    While there is no legal requirement to hire an attorney, having experienced legal representation can significantly impact the outcome of your case. An attorney can help you navigate the legal system, negotiate with insurance companies, and ensure that you receive the full compensation to which you are entitled.
  • Can Eaton Injury Law help me get medical treatment?
    While attorneys are not medical providers, Eaton Injury Law can help direct you to appropriate medical specialists who can treat your injuries. We understand the importance of thorough medical documentation for your claim and will advise you on how to ensure your injuries are properly recorded and treated. The information provided here aims to address the immediate concerns you may have after a car accident. However, each case is unique, and we encourage you to reach out to Eaton Law Group to discuss the specific details of your situation. Our team is well-versed in handling the complexities of car accident cases and is ready to provide the guidance and representation you need. When a car accident occurs, the victim is often faced with the critical decision of whether to settle with the at-fault party's insurance company or to pursue a legal battle in court.
  • What if I can't afford to pay for an attorney?
    Eaton Injury Law works on a contingency fee basis for car accident cases. This means you don’t pay any upfront fees. We only receive a fee if we are successful in obtaining compensation for you. This allows you to pursue your claim without the financial stress of hourly legal fees.
  • What should I do if the other driver was uninsured or underinsured?
    If the at-fault driver does not have sufficient insurance to cover your damages, you may be able to make a claim under your own uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage if you have such coverage. Your attorney can assist you with this process to ensure that all available insurance resources are identified and utilized.
  • What should I do immediately after a slip and fall accident in Utah?
    After a slip and fall, you should: 1. Seek medical attention for your injuries, 2. Report the incident to the property owner or manager and obtain a copy of the accident report, 3. Take photographs of the scene and any conditions that contributed to the accident, 4. Gather contact information from any witnesses, 5. Preserve the clothing and footwear you were wearing, and 6. Contact a personal injury attorney to discuss your rights and next steps.
  • How does Utah's comparative fault rule affect my slip and fall case?
    Utah adheres to a modified comparative fault system under Utah Code section 78B-5-818. This means that if you bear some responsibility for the slip and fall, your compensation will be reduced proportionally to your share of fault. If you are found to be 50% or more at fault, you will be barred from recovering any compensation.
  • What if I fall on government property in Utah?
    Falls on government property can be complex due to sovereign immunity laws that protect government entities from certain lawsuits. However, claims are still possible under the Utah Governmental Immunity Act, although there are specific notice requirements and shorter timelines.
  • What elements must I prove in a slip and fall claim in Utah?
    1. The property owner owed you a duty of care, 2. The owner breached that duty 3. This breach caused your accident, and 4. You suffered actual damages as a result.
  • Do I need an attorney for a slip and fall case in Utah?
    While you are not legally required to have an attorney, navigating the legal system and facing the property owner’s insurers can be complicated. An experienced personal injury lawyer can help you build a strong case, negotiate with insurers, and ensure you meet all legal requirements and deadlines. It is highly, highly recommended.
  • What is the statute of limitations for a slip and fall claim in Utah?
    In Utah, the statute of limitations for personal injury claims, including slip and fall cases, is four years from the date of the accident as outlined in Utah Code section 78B-2-307. If the claim involves wrongful death, the family of the deceased has two years to file a lawsuit. It is crucial to file within this period; otherwise, the court will likely dismiss the case.
  • Should I accept the insurance company's settlement offer after a slip and fall?
    It is advisable to consult with an attorney before accepting any settlement offers. Early offers may not fully compensate for your losses, especially if the full extent of your injuries has not yet been realized.
  • Can I sue for a slip and fall if there was a "wet floor" sign present?
    The presence of a "wet floor" sign does not automatically absolve the property owner of liability. Factors such as the sign's visibility, your attentiveness, and whether the hazard exceeded what the sign could reasonably warn against will be considered.
  • What type of damages can I recover in a slip and fall lawsuit in Utah?
    You may be eligible to recover economic damages, which cover quantifiable losses such as medical bills and lost wages, as well as non-economic damages, which compensate for pain and suffering or loss of enjoyment of life. In rare cases, punitive damages may also be awarded if the property owner’s actions were especially reckless or intentional.
  • Can I still file a claim if I was trespassing when I slipped and fell?
    Even if you were trespassing, you might still have a claim, although it may be more challenging. Property owners have a lower duty of care to trespassers, but they cannot willfully harm a trespasser or maintain a dangerous condition that causes harm without warning.
  • How long does a slip and fall lawsuit take in Utah?
    The duration of a slip and fall lawsuit in Utah varies widely based on the specifics of the case, the willingness of parties to settle, and the court’s schedule. Some cases resolve in a few months, while others can take several years, especially if they go to trial.
  • What should I expect during the legal process for a brain injury claim?
    Navigating a brain injury claim involves several stages, each requiring meticulous preparation and a strategic approach: Initial Consultation: This is where the lawyer evaluates the details of your case, including the circumstances of the injury and its impacts on your life. Investigation and Evidence Gathering: The lawyer will collect all necessary evidence, which may include medical records, accident reports, and witness statements. They may also consult with medical experts to substantiate the extent of the injury and its future implications. Filing the Lawsuit: Once sufficient evidence is gathered, your lawyer will file a lawsuit on your behalf. Discovery Phase: During discovery, both sides exchange information and evidence. This phase may involve depositions, requests for documents, and interrogatories. Negotiation and Mediation: Often, brain injury cases are settled out of court. Your lawyer will negotiate with the opposing party to try to reach a settlement that adequately compensates for your losses. Trial: If a settlement cannot be reached, the case will go to trial. At trial, both sides will present their evidence and arguments, and a judge or jury will make a final decision. Appeal: If necessary, the case can be appealed to a higher court. Throughout this process, your lawyer will advise you on the best steps to take and how to prepare for each phase, ensuring you understand your rights and the legal proceedings.
  • 1. What is the time frame for filing a brain injury lawsuit in Utah?
    In Utah, the statute of limitations for filing a lawsuit related to personal injury, including brain injuries, is typically four years from the date of the injury. However, it is essential to note that this time frame can vary depending on specific circumstances surrounding the case. For instance, if the brain injury was not immediately discoverable, the statute might be extended to allow the injured party to file a claim within a reasonable time after the injury was or should have been discovered. Consulting with a specialized brain injury lawyer as soon as possible after the incident is crucial to avoid missing critical deadlines.
  • 2. What costs are associated with legal action in brain injury cases?
    The cost of pursuing legal action in brain injury cases can vary widely based on several factors such as the complexity of the case, the length of litigation, and the fee structure of the chosen law firm. Most brain injury lawyers in Utah work on a contingency fee basis, meaning they only receive payment if they successfully secure compensation for their client. This fee is typically a percentage of the settlement amount or award. Other potential costs include court fees, costs for obtaining medical records, expert witness fees, and other miscellaneous expenses related to preparing and presenting the case. During the initial consultation, which is often offered for free, the lawyer should provide a clear explanation of their fees and any other expected costs.


My name is Tyler Eaton

Tyler is the founder of Eaton Injury Law. He has dedicated his career to advocating for Utah citizens and tourists as a Utah car accident lawyer. Tyler has resided in Utah for over two decades and passed the Utah bar exam at 23, among some of the youngest in the state's history. The Eatons have served the state of Utah through leadership positions and the arts for over 50 years.

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