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  • Writer's pictureTyler Eaton

What is Personal Injury Law in Utah?

Updated: Apr 25


What is personal injury law in Utah?

Personal injury is a term that broadly covers accidents and incidents. Generally speaking, when you are injured due to someone else’s negligence or carelessness, you may have a personal injury claim. Some examples of personal injury claims include car crashes, slipping and falling on somebody else's property, or getting bit by someone else's animal. Specifically, here are some of the primary sub-areas of personal injury law.

  1. Car Accidents: Car accidents are a prevalent cause of personal injuries in Utah. Utah specifically follows a no-fault auto insurance system which requires drivers to carry Personal Injury Protection (PIP) insurance. This coverage ensures that individuals receive compensation for medical expenses and lost wages, regardless of fault. However, victims with severe injuries or high medical costs (typically over $3,000) may step outside the no-fault system to pursue a personal injury claim against the at-fault party.

  2. Dog Bites: Dog bites fall under the umbrella of personal injury law in Utah. The state follows a strict liability rule for dog bite cases, making the dog owner responsible for injuries caused by their pet. This means that regardless of the dog's history or the owner's knowledge of its aggressiveness, they may be held liable for damages resulting from a dog bite.

  3. Slip and Falls: Slip and fall accidents can occur in various settings, including public spaces, private properties, and businesses. Property owners have a duty to maintain a safe environment for visitors. If negligence, such as failure to address hazards or inadequate warning signs, leads to a slip and fall, the property owner may be held responsible for the resulting injuries.

  4. Medical Malpractice: Medical malpractice cases involve injuries caused by the negligence or incompetence of healthcare professionals. In Utah, medical malpractice claims must be filed within two years of discovering the injury. These cases often require expert testimony to establish the standard of care and demonstrate how the healthcare provider deviated from it.

  5. Product Liability: When injuries result from a defective or dangerous product, victims may pursue a product liability claim. This can involve design defects, manufacturing defects, or inadequate warnings. Manufacturers, distributors, and retailers may be held accountable for injuries caused by their products.

  6. Workplace Accidents: Personal injury law extends to workplace accidents in Utah. While workers' compensation typically covers on-the-job injuries, there are instances where a third party's negligence may allow the injured party to pursue a personal injury claim. This can include cases involving defective equipment, unsafe premises, or negligence on the part of another entity not covered by workers' compensation.


Personal injury law in Utah is a dynamic and diverse legal field that encompasses various types of accidents and injuries. From car accidents and slip and falls to dog bites and medical malpractice, victims have legal avenues to seek compensation for their losses. Understanding the nuances of each subtopic is essential for those navigating the complexities of personal injury law in the state. Seeking the guidance of experienced personal injury attorneys can significantly enhance the chances of a successful claim and fair compensation for the injuries endured.


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